Saturday, December 28, 2013

Top 10 Internet Pioneers

Top 10 Internet Pioneers

Internet is not only designed by one person or one team at a time. More and more people are trying to peel back the frontiers of information technology, they are largely contributes to the understanding and development of what many use today in order to achieve objectives and exploit its advantages.

Internet has become a common and easy today, but there are times when the internet into something weaker, less influential and only a handful of people who can use it are very limited. The following people are visionary, inventor, researcher and programmer in the early days of the internet to dream big in pioneering technology, the program also behind all standard operating tool that we use the Internet today.

1. Claude Shannon
Known as the "father of modern information theory," Claude Shannon published an influential paper in 1948, "A Mathematical Theory of Communication," which formalize the study of communication channels. By establishing a limit on the efficiency of communication and present a challenge to find the code to improve the efficiency, Shannon developed the basic foundations that underlie the Internet.

2. Paul Baran
Seat researching survivable communication network at the RAND Corporation in 1959, Baran develop and describe a data architecture for packet-switched communication networks. Overview, detailed in a series of papers titled "On Distributed Communications," will prove to be a common basis behind the architecture of the Internet.

3. Bob Taylor
In the late 1960s, Bob Taylor convinced the U.S. Department of Defense to develop a communications network, which will eventually be ARPANet, the military precursor to the Internet. He wrote an influential paper, "The Computer as a Communication Device," (Computer as a Communication Device), the man said, the world will soon be able to communicate more efficiently through a computer than face to face. This paper describes how the Internet will be in the future

4. Douglas Englebart
A researcher at Stanford, Augmentation Research Center Englebart is the second node on ARPANet in October 1969. He developed the Network Information Center at Stanford, which later became the domain name registry, or database list of every website on the Internet. It is interesting to note that Sergey Brin and Larry Page, Google's developers, also lectures at Stanford 30 years later. He also found the mouse.

5. Larry Roberts
Chief scientist at the Information Processing Techniques Office of ARPA in 1966, he led the development ARPANet. He also founded Telenet, the first packet-switched network provider and precursors for companies such as Comcast and Verizon. Telenet is now owned by Sprint and is part of the mobile data network.

6. Vint Cerf
A legend at the beginning of the internet community, Cerf was a program manager from 1976 to 1982 ARPA. With Bob Kahn he helped design the TCP / IP protocol that is used by the early ARPANet and the Internet today, and he founded the Community of the Internet Society and ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is a fundamental part of ICANN from and how the Internet is governed.

7. Paul Mockapetris
Together with Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris designed and developed the DNS, or domain name architecture. When you type a website address into the search box, you can thank Mockapetris and Postel because of have designed how to make action to find a website that you want.

8. David Clark
Internet grew rapidly between 1981 and 1989, and the decisions made then affect on the network that will be used. Clark was the main architect for the Internet protocol during his tenure as chairman of the Internet Activities Board, and he was a significant influence in the formation of rules governing the Internet.

9 . Steve Wolf
As Director of Network and Communication Division at the National Science Foundation ( NSF ) in 1986 , Steve Wolff manages NSFNet development , one of the precursors to the Internet . He conceptualize and lead the Gigabit Testbed , a joint project between the NSF and the Department of Defense designed to prove that the network can operate at gigabit speeds . Its success helped pave the way to transform the Internet from a narrowly focused communications network to the global Internet is vast like these days .

10 . Marc Andreesen and Eric Bina
It may seem like an odd addition to adding pioneer to make this list 11 , but it took two pioneers for developing Mosaic , the first Internet browser . They took all the achievements of earlier pioneers and translated into a graphical interface that is easy to use . This goes a long way toward changing the order of the Internet that was previously only used by highly educated scientists that can be used by people in general . These are just a few of the many pioneers that made ​​the Internet possible to evolve and be used as today . Any individual who develops a better way in the transmission of information , organize data flow velocity or increase contributed in some way to the development of the Internet as we know it . - Top 10 Internet Pioneers

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