Tuesday, December 31, 2013

Triops, The 350 Million Years Old Species

Triops, The 350 Million Years Old Species

They are shrimp-like animals that live in fresh water and the birth of small eggs, Triops sometimes referred to as tadpole shrimp or shield shrimp. They usually live in freshwater ponds or puddles and other places are quite high plains, it could be said that living fossil Triops is (species already hold about 200-350 million years ago).

Triops is divided into several types of species, but that will be discussed this time is kind of Triops Longicaudatus, because it is most easily maintained and the numbers are still many in the world. "Triops" is derived from the Greek word meaning "Three Eyes". They are classified as "crustacean" (animal water crustaceans). Although it looks like a trilobite, Triops is not part of the trilobites.


Growth phase of Triops Longicaudatus


Triops is hatched from eggs.


3 Hours later after hatching,
Triops torso began to take shape.
After 7 hours.
15 Hours later,
Triops began to show signs of maturity stages.
24 Hours after hatching,
The triops is already very close to the stage of maturity
After 48 hours,
Triops has reached a mature stage.
Body structure does not change anymore
only continues to expand and elongate.
Adult Triops.



The body structure of Triops Longicaudatus

 
Triops usual body color is green, gray, yellow, and brown. The most interesting part is, female triops can produce eggs without sexual favors from male Triops. Although Triops has three eyes but can not see long distances , Triops have an organ in the foot which serves as an antenna to detect prey . Triops women have egg sacs in the legs in order to eleven .
Triops consists of the carapace , which is located at the foot of the gills and tail are segmented . Average size of Triops Longicaudatus is 5cm , Triops have a tail with two branches .

The difference between the sexes of Triops Longicaudatus

The female triops body attach as brownish green color. While the male is almost entirely green color. the male is more elusive than the female Triops. Triops ratio of males born compared to Triops women are 1:100.

The reason why triops have a short lifespan

Because Triops live in temporary puddles in the wild, Triops hatch from eggs within 24 hours when there is rain makes puddles. After the eggs are wet, it will hatch and eat to grow as fast as possible and produce eggs before puddles evaporate completely and then it will die. Triops then evolved to adapt to the conditions in the wild, that's the reason why the life of the Triops can be fairly short.

Examples of its habitat

You could say this is an example where Triops live, commonly called the "Vernal Pool", vernal pool is a temporary pool that is formed when the rainy season / cold arrives. After that season pass water will begin to evaporate and dry pond.

Prior to evaporate the water in the pool will grow Triops eggs, and when the rains / cold came back, Triops eggs that have been planted will hatch again, this is Triops Life Cycle in the wild.

Why Triops were not extinct?

Well this is the uniqueness of Triops, Triops eggs have a very tough skin and thick which makes it able to withstand any conditions outside. The eggs can survive at temperatures below 0 degrees to 80 degrees. If the egg is not hatched, the eggs can last up to 20-30 years. Every day Triops female can produce 10-30 eggs. Because of this Triops populations can survive until today.

Interesting facts about Triops


1 . Triops 've been on this planet since the Devonian period , so about 350 million years ago .

2 . Native Americans eat Triops because they think it contains a lot of protein .

3 . Triops will dig sand / soil to eggs in place .

4 . Triops like to eat strange things like grass , worms , ladybugs , etc. . If Triops hungry and can not find food , they can eat other triops ( cannibalism )
The Video :


5 . Dry Triops eggs can not hatch , if not given water .

6 . In the UK Triops considered as endangered .

7 . Triops in Russia was first discovered in a puddle on a road rectification , Triops was mistaken for alien animals in Russia .

Triops actually turns can be kept

Do not think Triops can only be found in the wild , it turns itself can be pet . The picture above is an example of Triops egg products . it's easy , just the contents of the water in the aquarium and then enter the egg and stir then given sufficient light , within 18 hours for signs of life will begin .
The average sold in the market is Triops Longicaudatus, because this species including the most easy to care for.

Other Types of Triops

1. Triops cancriformis

This species is the biggest species that can reach 4.5 inches. The uniqueness of this species Triops is its longest lifespan, can be 50-100 days.

2. Triops Austrailensis
 
As the name implies, Triops can only be found in Australia, has a brownish body color. Its uniqueness is the tail of male Triops Austrailensis can be two times longer than in the female.

3. Triops Beni-Kabuto Ebi Albino
This kind of triops is very antique, can only be found in Japan. This Triops usually lives in Japanese paddy farmer, Triops Beni-Kabuto is considered very helpful because it helps to eat the pest that exist in the rice . The uniqueness of this Triops is a transparent body. The middle part of the tail can be seen just by looking at the head carapace, sometimes, between Triops beni-Kabuto will be born which is completely transparent like the picture below, the Triops will be given the nickname "The true albino". - Triops, The 350 Million Years Old Species

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