Saturday, March 29, 2014

11 Plants That Repel Mosquitoes

11 Plants That Repel Mosquitoes

Here is a list of plants that repel mosquitoes:

1. Geranium flowers / vinca
These plants contain a substance that is easy to fly in the air around it. Geranium can very easily grown in pots or directly on the ground.

2. Lavender flowers
This plant is native to alpine swiss country. Purple, clustered tip of the stem. These plants usually adorn the meadows at the foot of the Alps . But the mosquitoes strongly dislike, because the scent of this flower makes mosquitoes dizzy. Why? Because lavender containing linalool and lynalyl acetate. Both of these substances can be obtained from the distillation process to be made ​​into a mosquito repellent.

Do we have to refine lavender? no, we just plant it in a pot or in the ground near the window of our room.

3. Rosemary flowers
The flower scents such as talon oil . But mosquitoes do not like it, mosquitoes can be stressful and unwilling to approach. These plants will grow well in the sun and need adequate water. Rosemery flowers planted in pots or suitable land near a window or near the door.

4. Basilikum
Basil, or Basilikum (Ocimum) is a class of herb that is used leaves, flowers, and seeds as a spice and a refreshing (tonic). Various parts of this plant distinctive smell and taste, sometimes unpleasant, fragrant, or sweet, depending on the cultivar. Some of them can even make drunk. This plant is also useful to repel mosquitoes. Several types of basil, comes from Southeast Asia, but mostly ascribed to the Indian subcontinent.

5. Citrosa mosquito
This plant is the enemy of mosquitoes and very fond of sunlight. Take care of it is pretty easy and does not require any special treatment, just with water and fertilizer. When touched, the plant put out very strong lemon smell that will repel insects. This plant comes from the Netherlands.

6. Mintrosa of lady diana
Almost the same as cintrosa plant, this plant is also very hated by mosquitoes. Treatment is very easy and usually used as an ornamental house plants. This plant also put out scent or smell very strong that hated by mosquitoes.

7. Marigold
Marigolds are from Mexico and Guatemala. There are two types of marigold namely Tagetes erecta (African Mari ¬ gold) and Tagetes patula (French Marigold Dwarf), usually used to be planted flowers in the garden path.

8. Etlingera Elatior
Etlingera eliator is a kind of herb plants and annual plants which flower-shaped herb, fruit, and seeds are used as a vegetable. This flower can also repel mosquitoes.

9. Zodia
Papuan People used to rub the skin with certain leaves before entering the forest. That is to be protected from insect attack, particularly mosquitoes. The leaves come from a plant called zodia (Evodia suaveolens). We know, this zodia native to Indonesia from Papua.

10. Cymbopogon Nardus
Cymbopogon nardus has been known as one of the ingredients that are often used as a spice in cooking, but there are other benefits that are not less important which is as a mosquito repellent plants. This plant is not liked by mosquitoes because of the presence of substances geraniol and citronellal. Extracts of Cymbopogon nardus
also been used in the manufacture of mosquito repellent lotion with a rich aroma.

11. Vetiveria zizanioides
This plant can control the dengue fever mosquito populations. Dengue mosquito, supposedly very afraid of this plant. A distinctive odor that comes out of this plant is quite lethal to mosquitoes that type.

If you want to repel mosquitoes was able to use the plant as a substitute for other mosquito repellent, mosquito repellent plants can also be a powerful weapon of mosquito repellent. In addition to safe for health, good for the environment and also really beautiful to decorate the room. - 11 Plants That Repel Mosquitoes

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Wednesday, March 26, 2014

12 Most Beautiful Ruins On Earth

12 Most Beautiful Ruins On Earth

The ruins of the building is no longer a gathering of ghosts spooky place in legend. Often ruins are now left as is to preserve the existing beauty and eventually become a beautiful tourist attraction. Ruins that existing often is proof of the grandeur of the nation's history that built the original places that existing.
From these ruins, often we can find the historical facts of the various items that you can still meet there. 12 existing ruins below are the ruins of the most beautiful that we can visit in various countries.

1. Machu Picchu (Peru)
The most famous ruins of all the Inca ruins. Machu Picchu seemed to be in between two mountain peaks, often shrouded in fog. These ruins can not be seen from the Urubamba Valley below, this place was built by the Incas without using the wheel. Machu Picchu was built around the 15th century, but this place is not at all recorded by the Spanish Conquistador, who turns out to destroy the place in 1530. The place is also still unknown destination development, although a lot of signs that the place has a cult centers. Until now many archaeologists continue to search for evidence of the purpose of the construction of the place, because the Incas did not leave have writing systems, then there is no written report on the spot.

2. Babylon (Iraq)
The ruins are located about 90 km from the city of Baghdad, the city's original name was "Bab-ili" which means "gate of the gods". The city is widely known in the days of the classical era, a beautiful city with the "Hanging Gardens" which included one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The city stands as the center of government and culture, and succeeding for about 15 centuries, since the arrival rate Amor (around 1850 BC) to Alexander the Great, who died there in 322 BC. Hammurabi (1892-1750 BC), one of the greatest rulers in Iraq also made ​​this city as a center of government.

3 . Palenque ( Mexico )
The ruins of Palenque is one of the most important Mayan archaeological sites in Mexico and Central America . The town is built on a cliff with a beautiful view of the Gulf of Mexico , Palenque as if hidden in the tropical forests in the foothills Tumbala , Chiapas , Mexico . Although analysis of the pottery pieces stating that the area had been inhabited starting around 100 BC , but most of the remaining buildings built in approximately 6 to 10 century AD . The rulers of this city is Pacal , who came to power in 603 AD , and make a variety of innovative buildings that survived even more powerful than age 68 years ranging Pacal . One of the remarkable building is the Palace , both the walls and ceilings of this palace filled with carvings depicting the ceremonies and activities of rulers and the gods , so that we can you estimate what life was the Maya of the era .
Until now only 34 of a possible 500 buildings that were freed from the barrow , who knows you can follow freeing one more ?

4. Ayutthaya (Thailand)
Ayutthaya, in Sanskrit means 'invincible' is not as popular as Bangkok, Chiang Mai or Phuket, but is one of the areas in Thailand are frequently visited by tourists who want to see the famous ruins.
At their peak, the capital of Ayutthaya is busy with a reputation that reaches many countries. According to historians, the development of Ayutthaya, even surpassing the various capitals in Europe. The city is so prosperous Burma (now Myanmar), neighboring countries, so jealous and finally managed to burn and loot the city. Although the city is now in ruins, but still very beautiful, and is now protected as the Ayutthaya Historical Par.

5. Colosseum (Italy)
One result of the work of the Romans, at the same time is the most famous ruins in the world, the original name is Flavian Amphitheatre this building, is building an elliptical amphitheater in the center of Rome, Italy.
The largest building in the Roman era is able to accommodate 50,000 spectators, is used as gladiatorial contests and public performances. Various performances, such as mock battles, executions, re-up performances famous battles, as well as various dramas based on mythology on display here. More than 50,000 people and animals die in this place
Although now the damage portion of the building is said to occur due to the earthquake, but at least managed to keep this building standing just a little damage, and thus become one of the buildings that managed to make a breakthrough in the resist earthquakes.

6. Tikal (Guatemala)
Tikal is the largest archaeological site in the world at the same urban center in the middle of the Pre-Columbian Maya culture. The site is located in the archaeological area in Peten Basin, Northern Guatemala. This site is part of the Tikal National Park and in 1979 was within protection of UNESCO.
Tikal is one of the cultural centers and ethnic populations Maya. Monumental buildings on the site was built in the fourth century AD. Tikal reached its peak around the year 200-900 AD, and in this period, Tikal dominates the cultural, political, economic and military Mayans, while continuing to interact with a variety of ethnic groups, including Teohuatican in Mexico.
After periods of Tikal was defeated by Teohuatican in the fourth century AD, Tikal has decreased, there was even a castle on fire. A variety of evidence indicates that the city is becoming more and more deserted until finally abandoned in the 10th century AD.

7. Chichén Itzá (Mexico)
Largest archaeological sites of pre-Columbian era built by the Mayans. Chichen Itza was built in the northern peninsula of Yucatan, Mexico. This area is a major center point in the Classical Age. Chichen Itza was built with a variety of architectural styles are considered to be the result of acculturation of the various cultures that exist in the area.

8. Parthenon (Greece)
It is the temple of the goddess Athena, built in the 5th century on the Acropolis. This building is the most important buildings which managed to survive in the Classical Greek period, and considered as the peak of the development of Classical Greek culture. At this time, the Ministry of Culture of Greece is running a program to restore and reconstruct the building.

9. Monastery Trinidad (Paraguay)
The monastery is located 25 km from Encarnacion, on the route that leads to Ciudad del Este, Paraguay, is the most interesting building in the history of Christian mission to Paraguay. Trinidad is a city founded by the locals who came from San Carlos. The main architect of this building is the priest Juan Bautista Prímoli of Milan and the Catalan Jose Grimau. The church built in this place is said to be the largest and most beautiful church in the whole of Paraguay (in its prime time)

10. Copan (Honduras)
Copan is the largest and most impressive in the entire center of the Maya culture. There are several pyramids, temples and 21 stone pillars, or stelae, carved faces with various kings of Copan.

11. Palmyra (Syrian)
Palmyra, located in the heart of Syrian Desert, often described as the "bride of the desert". The rest of the existing building to witness penance Queen Zenobia is a heroic leader. Palmyra is set up near the hot springs Afqa, is ideal as a stopover point trade route between Iraq and Al-Sham (now the Syrians, Lebanon, Jerusalem and Jordan).
The strategic location of this area plus very attractive prosperity of the Roman troops, who eventually took over the city in the early years AD. Expert arkeolgis until now explore the area to find the remnants of the palace buildings queen Zenobia.

12. Talisay (Philippines)
One of the buildings in Talisay City is a large house which was built by the king of sugar in the late 19th century, and not just once, but twice to be destroyed in the second world war, to prevent the Japanese did not take advantage of the building. The rest of the existing buildings still show the beauty of the great mansions. - 12 Most Beautiful Ruins On Earth

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Tuesday, March 25, 2014

Our Brain Is Getting Smaller In The Last 20,000 Years

Our Brain Is Getting Smaller In The Last 20,000 Years

This is probably not pleasant news, but the fact remains, the human brain is getting smaller. The results of the study revealed brain size shrank gradually over 20,000 years. This decline occurs throughout the world, applies to men and women, across all races.

"Over the last 20,000 years, the average volume was reduced from 1,500 male brain into 1,350 cubic centimeters cubic centimeters, the number of lost tennis ball size," said Kathleen McAuliffe, writer at Discover Magazine. "The female brain is decreasing by the same proportion," she added.

Is a shrinking brain size means people more stupid?
Dr John Hawks, an anthropologist from the University of Wisconsin argued, smaller brain size does not translate into lower intelligence. On the contrary, a decrease in brain size we show that we are getting smarter. Brain, using up to 20 percent of all the fuel we consume. Therefore, a larger brain would require more energy and take longer to develop.

Dr. Hawks noted that the explosion of human population between 20,000 and 10,000 years ago triggered a beneficial mutation. Hawks confident, it causes the brain to become leaner, more and neurochemical changes increase the capacity of our brains.

Some paleontologists also agreed with the Hawks, that the size of the smaller, even more efficient. However, not all scientists believe similar. Some believe that humans become more stupid, in line with the evolution process.

Several theories are used to explain the mysteries of the human brain shrinkage. One of them, that the large head size of early humans needed to survive Upper Paleolithic era of cold air.

The second theory, the size of the head associated with foraging patterns in the past, which is hunting. The more easy to get food, the human head will stop growing.

Meanwhile, other experts argue, the ancient times when the high infant mortality rate, only the strongest surviving baby and the most powerful is that having a large head and brain. Now, with the reduction in infant mortality rate, leads to a decrease in brain size proportionally.

According to research by David Geary and Drew Bailey of the University of Missouri, explored how cranial size changed as humans adapted human in an increasingly complex social environment between 1.9 million to 10,000 years ago.

They found that when population density is low, increasing the size of the skull. Conversely, when the population of certain areas changed from sparse to dense, our cranium size decreased, because humans do not have to be smart to survive.

But Dr Geary warned, "Do not necessarily think that the ancestors of humans are smarter than us".
"Our ancestors did not have the intellect and creativity as modern humans, because they do not have a culture of support," he said. At that time, the human mind is squeezed to survive.

Improved agriculture and modern cities based on economic specialization enables intelligent man focused their efforts on science, art, or other fields. - Our Brain Is Getting Smaller In The Last 20,000 Years

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Sunday, March 23, 2014

10 Greatest Pilots Ever


10 Greatest Pilots Ever

1. Pilot without arms
Jessica Cox suffered a disability and born without arms. None of her mother pregnancy test showed there was something wrong with her. But she was born with a rare congenital disease, but also with a great spirit. Psychology graduate can write, type, drive a car, brush her hair and talk on the phone just by using her feet. Ms Cox, from Tucson, Arizona, United States, is also a former dancer and double black belted Tae Kwon-Do. She has unlimited license, she flew the plane and she can type 25 words per minute. She used an airplane ride called Ercoupe and it is one of the few aircraft that were made and will be certified without pedals.

Without rudder pedals Jessica is free to use her feet as hands. It took three years to complete her lightweight aircraft license. She had three flying instructors and practiced 89 hours of flying, becoming the first pilot with no arms.

2. Courageous pilot while got shot between the eyes
A British military pilot successfully landed 20 passengers to the ground even though he was hit by a bullet between his eyes. Lieutenant Ian Fortune was the task of transporting the wounded from the battle between the American forces and the Taliban in Helmand Province, Afghanistan.

When he took off with a full load of victims, ricocheted bullet through the helicopter and hit the face of Fortune. The bullet then hit and damage the automatic system of the chopper stabilization, so it is very difficult to fly helicopters.

Although blood flow to the eyes, Lt. Fortune still struggling with manual controls for eight minutes and managed to land the victim back to Camp Bastion.

TV presenter Mike Brewer was in the helicopter when the incident took place. He told Sky News:
"It was scary. We come under fire as being closed off. Then after we take off, Chinook suddenly slid from side to side and we heard the pilot had been shot. The only reason we did not go directly back to the desert is because of the courage and skill of Ian and the crew. "

3. Pilot who landed on the highway
Frank Vogt is a Cessna traffic pilot who encounter lost oil pressure at an altitude of 1200 feet from the ground. In the early morning darkness, the land looked like a dark field, except for the highway.

"I know it's pretty broad, I know it's pretty straight. No wires, and I do not see a lot of kites," said Vogt.

He reasoned that because the traffic is not too crowded, so there will be enough space between cars so that they can slow down and let him carry out his plan.

He even managed to pull his Cessna to the side of the road, despite the inevitable rubbernecking. When the traffic is blocked as far as a half mile in both directions.

4. The youngest pilot that can fly five different types of aircraft
Evan Graham has a record as the youngest pilot to fly five different types of aircraft at the age of 16 years. He is celebrating his 16th year with flying alone using five different aircraft:

Vintage WWII L-4 Piper Cub taildragger,
Robinson R-22 helicopter,
Cessna 150 Aerobat,
Robinson 44 Raven II,
1965 Cessna 150.

5. Pilot that can fix the outside part of the plane while in the air
One of the difficulties of air travel is the impossibility of making repairs outside the cockpit while in flight aboard. This applies especially if the problem is centered around the tail. And this problem has been solved by James Terry, a pilot from Miami, Florida. He was also an inventor who demonstrated a safety device for fixing aircraft while flying.

6. Pilots who Escaped Death Only Less than 1 Second
The man who are ejected from the aircraft is Captain Brian Bews and he is lucky to be alive. This skilled pilot is lucky he still managed to pull out just before the CF-18 fighter jet getting crashed in a flight training . The practice of flight training was held at the Lethbridge County Airport and apparently in preparation for the weekend airshow in Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. There are no details of exactly why this fighter jets could fall.

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7. Passengers who managed to land the plane when the pilot died in the air
When the pilot of a twin-engine Beech aircraft collapsed and died in mid-flight, passenger Doug White of Archibald, Louisiana, took over the plane and land it safely.

White, his wife and two daughters flew from Marco Island, Florida, to Jackson, Mississippi, on Sunday after attending the funeral for his brother White. When in the middle of the flight, he realized something was wrong with the pilot.

Although he was a certified pilot single engine and has about 130 hours of flying, he did not know how to fly a plane which is much larger, such as the Super King Air two-engine turboprop aircraft.

He told his daughter, "You go back there, and I want you to pray!"

Although White sound pretty calm, the tension can be clearly illustrated on the recording issued by the Federal Aviation Administration as a controller in Fort Myers, Florida. They tried to talk to him to lead him to land at the nearest airport.

At one point, the controller asks if the autopilot is still running or whether the white fly the plane by himself, "I and the good Lord who flying it now," said White.

8. Pilot who patching the plane's damage only with isolation (Duct Tape)
During the private flights on the way to fishing around the Alaskan wilderness, the pilot and passengers leave their rental equipment and baits on the plane.

Then the bear smelled it and even tearing up badly damaged plane body. The pilot then asked for help on the radio. Help also came to bring him 2 new tires, 3 boxes of duct tape, and a supply of sheet plastic. They were patching plane, and fly home.

9. The pilot who was shot by his own bullet
On September 21, 1956, Tom Attridge test aircraft flew a Grumman F11F-1 Tiger. He fired a 20mm cannon while maneuvering quickly. A few seconds later, the cockpit is then exposed to a blow from external objects. Attridge immediately reported over the radio that he was returning to land.

While attempting to land, the jet lost control and it crashed while landing on the runway. Subsequent examination found three bullets and one bullet 20mm in the whole plane. Unique is the fact Attridge managed to shoot his own fighter.

How could this happen? With 0.5 G and dive conditions, Attridge had flown below the trajectory of the bullet, and 11 seconds later they fly through the flight path of the aircraft and the bullet.

10. Helicopter pilot who rescued a deer trapped in a frozen lake
A group of people gather to watch a deer that is struggling to escape near Lake Thunderbird, Oklahoma. Mason Dunn, a helicopter pilot who worked for the news agency's Oklahoma City TV, moved to help this deer.

He used the wind from the helicopter rotor to push the deer trapped to safety after it lost its footing on a frozen lake and could not get up. With the help and pressure of the wind, the deer finally get a footing on the slippery ice. - 10 Greatest Pilots Ever

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Saturday, March 22, 2014

Why People Can Sleep In a Noisy Place ?

Why People Can Sleep In a Noisy Place ?

There are people who can sleep in a noisy train by huckster. There are also people who can sleep in a noisy airport. How could that be? Jeffrey Ellenbogen of Harvard Medical School have the answer.
Jeffrey Ellenbogen (Left)
Ellenbogen and his team collected a dozen people who claim to be able to sleep in a noisy environment. The twelve men were staying for 3 nights at the laboratories of the Harvard Medical School. The first night, they sleep in a quiet environment. Two nights later, made ​​a noisy room with a variety of sounds - including jet noise and toilets - when everyone was asleep.

Based on the reading of brain waves, the researchers found that the brain has a special section called spindles, a fast brain waves, which block the sound so that people can remain dormant.

Then why still many people woke up to the sounds? The researchers also gets that the number of spindles in each person is different. "The results of the reading brain waves, more and more people have the spindles, the more immune to noise," said Ellenbogen. "Still a mystery why everyone can have a different number of spindles," admitted by Ellenbogen .

The results of this study can be used as a reference for creating a system of treatment for people who have trouble sleeping. Waking at night many times for a variety of sounds has become a common problem, so the study concluded. "We can add to the process of making the spindle and use it as an effort to prevent disturbances during sleep," said Ellenbogen.

In the meantime, said Ellenbogen, the results of this research will be the number of spindles used to determine a person's level of tolerance to noise. - Why People Can Sleep In a Noisy Place ?

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Friday, March 21, 2014

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